In Viet Nam in 2018:

  • 230 000 people were living with HIV.
  • HIV incidence per 1000 uninfected—the number of new HIV infections among the uninfected population over one year—among all people of all ages was— 0.06.
  • HIV prevalence—the percentage of people living with HIV—among adults (15–49 years) was 0.3%.
  • 5700 people were newly infected with HIV.
  • 4700 people died from an AIDS-related illness.

There has been progress in the number of AIDS-related deaths since 2010, with a 45% decrease, from 8500 deaths to 4700 deaths. The number of new HIV infections has also decreased, from 16 000 to 5700 in the same period.

The 90–90–90 targets envision that, by 2020, 90% of people living with HIV will know their HIV status, 90% of people who know their HIV-positive status will be accessing treatment and 90% of people on treatment will have suppressed viral loads. In terms of all people living with HIV, reaching the 90–90–90 targets means that 81% of all people living with HIV are on treatment and 73% of all people living with HIV are virally suppressed. In 2018 in Viet Nam:

  • 65% of people living with HIV were on treatment.

Of all adults aged 15 years and over living with HIV, 65% were on treatment, while 92% of children aged 0–14 years living with HIV were on treatment.

811彩票开户Eighty-one per cent of pregnant women living with HIV accessed antiretroviral medicine to prevent transmission of the virus to their baby. Early infant diagnosis―the percentage of HIV-exposed infants tested for HIV before eight weeks of age―stood at 51% in 2018.

Of the 220 000 adults living with HIV, 74 000 (33.64%) were women. New HIV infections among young women aged 15–24 years were more or less equal to those among young men. HIV treatment was higher among women than men, with 68% of adult women living with HIV on treatment, compared to 63% of adult men.

There is no information on the legal status of same-sex sexual relations in Viet Nam.

Only 46.21% of women and men 15–24 years old correctly identified ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV.

In 2017, the percentage of people living with HIV and tuberculosis who were being treated for both diseases was 67.7%, up from 55.9% in 2015.

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23 July 2018
Catalysing zero discrimination in health-care settings in Thailand and Viet Nam
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2 March 2017
Hospitals in South-East Asia ramp up efforts against HIV-related stigma
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25 November 2016
Viet Nam opens its first opioid substitution therapy service for prisoners
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12 October 2016
Decentralization of HIV testing services to increase access for people who inject drugs in Viet Nam
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27 October 2014
Viet Nam is the first country in Asia to commit to new HIV treatment targets
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24 October 2014
Viet Nam gets more value for money through integration of HIV services
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Marie-Odile Emond
UNAIDS Country Director
(+84 4) 3850 0100