811彩票开户In Eswatini in 2018:

  • 210 000 people were living with HIV.
  • HIV incidence per 1000 uninfected —the number of new HIV infections among the uninfected population over one year—among all people of all ages was 8.62.
  • HIV prevalence—the percentage of people living with HIV—among adults (15–49 years) was 27.3%.
  • 7800 people were newly infected with HIV.
  • 2400 people died from an AIDS-related illness.

There has been progress in the number of AIDS-related deaths since 2010, with a 35% decrease, from 3800 deaths to 2400 deaths. The number of new HIV infections has risen, however, from 11 000 to 7800 in the same period.

The 90–90–90 targets envision that, by 2020, 90% of people living with HIV will know their HIV status, 90% of people who know their HIV-positive status will be accessing treatment and 90% of people on treatment will have suppressed viral loads. In terms of all people living with HIV, reaching the 90–90–90 targets means that 81% of all people living with HIV are on treatment and 73% of all people living with HIV are virally suppressed. In 2018 in Eswatini:

  • 92% of people living with HIV knew their status.
  • 86% of people living with HIV were on treatment.
  • 81% of people living with HIV were virally suppressed.

Of all adults aged 15 years and over living with HIV, 87% were on treatment, while only 76% of children aged 0–14 years living with HIV were on treatment.

811彩票开户Seventy-nine per cent of pregnant women living with HIV accessed antiretroviral medicine to prevent transmission of the virus to their baby, preventing 1500 new HIV infections among newborns. Early infant diagnosis―the percentage of HIV-exposed infants tested for HIV before eight weeks of age―stood at 78% in 2018.

Women are disproportionally affected by HIV in Eswatini: of the 190 000 adults living with HIV, 120 000 (63.16%) were women. New HIV infections among young women aged 15–24 years were more than quadruple those among young men: 2400 new infections among young women, compared to fewer than 500 among young men. HIV treatment was higher among women than men, however, with 91% of adult women living with HIV on treatment, compared to 79% of adult men.

811彩票开户Same-sex sexual relations are illegal in Eswatini.

811彩票开户Only 49.53% of women and men 15–24 years old correctly identified ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV.

811彩票开户In 2017, the percentage of people living with HIV and tuberculosis who were being treated for both diseases was 70.9%, up from 68.3% in 2015.

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24 July 2017
UNAIDS congratulates Kingdom of Swaziland on achieving over 73% viral load suppression among adults living with HIV and a major reduction in HIV incidence between 2011 and 2016
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14 July 2016
Swaziland launches blueprint for HIV response at national AIDS conference
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Ending the AIDS epidemic in Swaziland
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Success with PrEP: next steps to support policy decisions in southern and eastern Africa
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Tim Rwabuhemba MUSINGUZI
UNAIDS Country Director