Overview

In South Africa in 2018:

  • 7 700 000 people were living with HIV.
  • HIV incidence per 1000 uninfected—the number of new HIV infections among the uninfected population over one year—among all people of all ages was 4.94.
  • HIV prevalence—the percentage of people living with HIV—among adults (15–49 years) was 20.4%.
  • 240 000 people were newly infected with HIV.
  • 71 000 people died from an AIDS-related illness.

There has been progress in the number of AIDS-related deaths since 2010, with a 50% decrease, from 140 000 deaths to 71 000 deaths. The number of new HIV infections fell from 390 000 to 240 000 in the same period.

811彩票开户The 90–90–90 targets envision that, by 2020, 90% of people living with HIV will know their HIV status, 90% of people who know their HIV-positive status will be accessing treatment and 90% of people on treatment will have suppressed viral loads. In terms of all people living with HIV, reaching the 90–90–90 targets means that 81% of all people living with HIV are on treatment and 73% of all people living with HIV are virally suppressed. In 2018 in South Africa:

  • 90% of people living with HIV knew their status.
  • 62% of people living with HIV were on treatment.
  • 54% of people living with HIV were virally suppressed.

Of all adults aged 15 years and over living with HIV, 62% were on treatment, while 63% of children aged 0–14 years living with HIV were on treatment.

Eighty-seven per cent of pregnant women living with HIV accessed antiretroviral medicine to prevent transmission of the virus to their baby, preventing 53 000 new HIV infections among newborns. Early infant diagnosis―the percentage of HIV-exposed infants tested for HIV before eight weeks of age―stood at more than 89% in 2018.

Women are disproportionally affected by HIV in South Africa: of the 7 500 000 adults living with HIV, 4 700 000 (62.67%) were women. New HIV infections among young women aged 15–24 years were more than double those among young men: 69 000 new infections among young women, compared to 25 000 among young men. HIV treatment was also higher among women than men, with 65% of adult women living with HIV on treatment, compared to 56% of adult men.

Same-sex sexual relations are legal in South Africa.

811彩票开户Only 45.8% of women and men 15–24 years old correctly identified ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV.

811彩票开户In 2017, the percentage of people living with HIV and tuberculosis who were being treated for both diseases was 57.0%, up from 51.4% in 2015.


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Data
Stories
5 March 2020
Community project helps families respond to stigma and discrimination
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5 December 2019
Communities hailed during South Africa’s World AIDS Day commemoration
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29 July 2019
I’m just a normal teenager living with HIV
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28 June 2019
New modelling research shows partial progress in South Africa’s response to HIV
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27 June 2019
South Africa: pace really matters
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24 April 2019
Keeping up the momentum in the global AIDS response
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Reports

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1 December 2017
A snapshot of men and HIV in South Africa
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29 August 2017
National Strategic Plan (Summary)
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Contact

countries_southafrica_contact

Name: 
Mbulawa MUGABE
Role: 
UNAIDS Country Director
Phone: 
+27 12 354 8490