In Nigeria in 2018:

  • 1 900 000 people were living with HIV.
  • HIV incidence per 1000 uninfected—the number of new HIV infections among the uninfected population over one year—among all people of all ages was 0.65.
  • HIV prevalence—the percentage of people living with HIV—among adults (15–49 years) was 1.5%.
  • 130 000 people were newly infected with HIV.
  • 53 000 people died from an AIDS-related illness.

There has been progress in the number of AIDS-related deaths since 2010, with a 26% decrease, from 72 000 deaths to 53 000 deaths. The number of new HIV infections has risen, however, from 120 000 to 130 000 in the same period.

811彩票开户The 90–90–90 targets envision that, by 2020, 90% of people living with HIV will know their HIV status, 90% of people who know their HIV-positive status will be accessing treatment and 90% of people on treatment will have suppressed viral loads. In terms of all people living with HIV, reaching the 90–90–90 targets means that 81% of all people living with HIV are on treatment and 73% of all people living with HIV are virally suppressed. In 2018 in Nigeria:

  • 67% of people living with HIV knew their status.
  • 53% of people living with HIV were on treatment.
  • 42% of people living with HIV were virally suppressed.

Of all adults aged 15 years and over living with HIV, 55% were on treatment, while only 35% of children aged 0–14 years living with HIV were on treatment.

Forty-four per cent of pregnant women living with HIV accessed antiretroviral medicine to prevent transmission of the virus to their baby, preventing 7200 new HIV infections among newborns. Early infant diagnosis―the percentage of HIV-exposed infants tested for HIV before eight weeks of age―stood at 18% in 2018.

Women are disproportionally affected by HIV in Nigeria: of the 1 800 000 adults living with HIV, 1 000 000 (55.56%) were women. New HIV infections among young women aged 15–24 years were less than double those among young men: 26 000 new infections among young women, compared to 15 000 among young men. HIV treatment was higher among women than men, however, with 68% of adult women living with HIV on treatment, compared to 37% of adult men.

Same-sex sexual relations are illegal in Nigeria.

Only 28.86% of women and men 15–24 years old correctly identified ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV.

811彩票开户In 2017, the percentage of people living with HIV and tuberculosis who were being treated for both diseases was 19.7%, up from 16.3% in 2015.

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Erasmus MORAH
UNAIDS Country Director