Overview

In Malawi in 2018:

  • 1 000 000 people were living with HIV.
  • HIV incidence—the number of new HIV infections among a susceptible population during a certain time—among all people of all ages was 2.28%.
  • HIV prevalence—the percentage of people living with HIV—among adults (15–49 years) was 9.2%.
  • 38 000 people were newly infected with HIV.
  • 13 000 people died from an AIDS-related illness.

811彩票开户There has been progress in the number of AIDS-related deaths since 2010, with a 55% decrease, from 29 000 deaths to 13 000 deaths. The number of new HIV infections has also decreased, from 55 000 to 38 000 in the same period.

811彩票开户The 90–90–90 targets envision that, by 2020, 90% of people living with HIV will know their HIV status, 90% of people who know their HIV-positive status will be accessing treatment and 90% of people on treatment will have suppressed viral loads. In terms of all people living with HIV, reaching the 90–90–90 targets means that 81% of all people living with HIV are on treatment and 73% of all people living with HIV are virally suppressed. In 2018 in Malawi:

  • 90% of people living with HIV knew their status.
  • 78% of people living with HIV were on treatment.
  • 69% of people living with HIV were virally suppressed.

Of all adults aged 15 years and over living with HIV, 79% were on treatment, while only 61% of children aged 0–14 years living with HIV were on treatment.

811彩票开户More than 95% of pregnant women living with HIV accessed antiretroviral medicine to prevent transmission of the virus to their baby, preventing 9600 new HIV infections among newborns. Early infant diagnosis―the percentage of HIV-exposed infants tested for HIV before eight weeks of age―stood at more than 95% in 2018.

811彩票开户Women are disproportionally affected by HIV in Malawi: of the 970 000 adults living with HIV, 580 000 (59.79%) were women. New HIV infections among young women aged 15–24 years were more than double those among young men: 9900 new infections among young women, compared to 4200 among young men. HIV treatment was higher among women than men, however, with 86% of adult women living with HIV on treatment, compared to 68% of adult men.

811彩票开户Same-sex sexual relations are illegal in Malawi.

811彩票开户Only 41.86% of women and men 15–24 years old correctly identified ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV.

In 2017, the percentage of people living with HIV and tuberculosis who were being treated for both diseases was 65.0%, up from 44.8% in 2015.


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Data
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Contact

countries_malawi_contact

Name: 
Thérèse POIRIER
Role: 
UNAIDS Country Director
Phone: 
+265 1 772 603, +265 996 687 447