Overview

In Lesotho in 2018:

  • 340 000 people were living with HIV.
  • HIV incidence per 1000 uninfected—the number of new HIV infections among the uninfected population over one year—among all people of all ages was 7.8.
  • HIV prevalence—the percentage of people living with HIV—among adults (15–49 years) was 23.6%.
  • 13 000 people were newly infected with HIV.
  • 6100 people died from an AIDS-related illness.

There has been progress in the number of AIDS-related deaths since 2010, with a 16% decrease, from 7200 deaths to 6100 deaths. The number of new HIV infections has decreased, from 20 000 to 13 000 in the same period.

The 90–90–90 targets envision that, by 2020, 90% of people living with HIV will know their HIV status, 90% of people who know their HIV-positive status will be accessing treatment and 90% of people on treatment will have suppressed viral loads. In terms of all people living with HIV, reaching the 90–90–90 targets means that 81% of all people living with HIV are on treatment and 73% of all people living with HIV are virally suppressed. In 2018 in Lesotho:

  • 86% of people living with HIV knew their status.
  • 61% of people living with HIV were on treatment.
  • 57% of people living with HIV were virally suppressed.

811彩票开户Of all adults aged 15 years and over living with HIV, 60% were on treatment, while 70% of children aged 0–14 years living with HIV were on treatment.

Seventy-seven per cent of pregnant women living with HIV accessed antiretroviral medicine to prevent transmission of the virus to their baby, preventing 1500 new HIV infections among newborns. Early infant diagnosis―the percentage of HIV-exposed infants tested for HIV before eight weeks of age―stood at 69.5% in 2018.

811彩票开户Women are disproportionally affected by HIV in Lesotho: of the 330 000 adults living with HIV, 190 000 (57.58%) were women. New HIV infections among young women aged 15–24 years were more than double those among young men: 3200 new infections among young women, compared to 1300 among young men. HIV treatment was higher among women than men, however, with 65% of adult women living with HIV on treatment, compared to 54% of adult men.

811彩票开户Same-sex sexual relations are illegal in Lesotho.

811彩票开户Only 35.51% of women and men 15–24 years old correctly identified ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV.

In 2017, the percentage of people living with HIV and tuberculosis who were being treated for both diseases was 41.0%, up from 33.6% in 2015.


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Data
Stories
28 January 2019
With UNAIDS’ support, everyone counts
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24 October 2018
Prime Minister and the First Lady of Lesotho visit UNAIDS
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11 May 2018
UNAIDS Executive Director puts the spotlight on the HIV response in Lesotho, South Africa and Zambia during five-day visit
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9 May 2018
Lesotho HIV and health situation room brings innovation to country’s AIDS response
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3 May 2017
Marc Angel calls to accelerate momentum towards achieving the 90-90-90 treatment targets
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3 December 2014
Closing the HIV testing gap in eastern and southern Africa
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Contact

countries_lesotho_contact

Name: 
Alti ZWANDOR
Role: 
UNAIDS Country Director
Phone: 
+26622313790